Sheikh Hasina She is an Famous And Experience Political Leader.
SHEIKH HASINA BIO/WIKI
Sheikh Hasina Wazed
Prime Minister of Bangladesh
Date of Birth
28 September 1947
Age (as in 2020)
Tungipara, Gopalganj District, East Bengal, Dominin of Pakistan (Now, in Bangladesh”
Tungipara Upazila, Bangladesh
Mujibur Rahman (politician)
3 (All were younger and all have died
Sheikh Rehana (Younger)
Ajimpur Girls’ School
Eden Mohila College
University of Dhaka
Tungipara Upazila, Bangladesh
Urdhu, Englsh ,Hindi,
Awards, Honours, Achievements
1997: Honorary Degree of Doctor of Law by the Boston University & Honorary Doctor of Law by the Waseda University, Honorary Doctorate of Philosophy in Liberal Arts by University of Abertay Dundee of the United Kingdom
1998: The Félix Houphouët-Boigny Peace Prize by the UNESCO, Mother Teresa Award by the All India Peace Council, M.K. Gandhi Award by the Mahatama M K Gandhi Foundation of Oslo, Norway
2000: Pearl S. Buck Award ’99 by Randolph Macon Women’s College of USA
2009: Indira Gandhi Prize
2014: UNESCO Peace Tree Award for her commitment to women’s empowerment and girl’s education
2015: UN environment Prize in New York, ICT in Sustainable Development Award by The International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
2018: Global Women’s Leadership Award for her outstanding leadership in women’s education and entrepreneurship in Bangladesh
Late M.A. Wazed Miah (1968-2009), a Nuclear Scientist
Sajeeb Wazed Joy (Businessman, Politician)
Saima Wazed Hossain (Autism Activist)
Figure Measurements (approx.)
Salt & Pepper
SHEIKH HASINA POLITICS
Bangladesh Awami League
Other Political Affilations
Grand Alliance (2008–present)
1981: Elected as Chairperson of the ‘Awami League Party’.
1991: Became the Leader of the Opposition in the Fifth Parliament of Bangladesh.
1996: Elected and sworn in as the second female Prime Minister of Bangladesh.
2001: Lost the elections and led the party opposing the government for the next seven years.
2009: Elected as Prime Minister for the second time.
2014: Elected as Prime Minister for the third time.
• In 2007, Hasina was arrested for the charges of extortion. The Anti-Corruption Commission sent notices to both Hasina and Khaleda Zia, notifying them to provide details of their assets to the Commission within one week.
• In the same year (2007), an additional case was filed against Hasina by the Anti-Corruption Commission regarding a contract for the construction of a power plant in 1997,
• On 11 April 2007, the police filed murder charges against Hasina, alleging her to be the mastermind behind the killing of four supporters of a rival political party in October 2006. The four alleged victims were beaten to death during encounters between the Awami League and rival party activists.
• the Canadian construction company SNC-Lavalin in exchange for tendering them the construction contract. After this, The World Bank brought down a project of building Bangladesh’s largest bridge, citing corruption concerns, canceling a $1.2bn (£764m) credit for a road-rail bridge over the Padma River. To which Hasina claimed that an MD of a bank from the USA provoked the World Bank to cancel the loan. Though in 2017, an Ontario (Canada) Superior court justice dismissed the bribery-conspiracy case for lack of any proof.
She has said in many interviews that she had grown up living in fear due to her father’s political works.
Hasina was not in Bangladesh when the assassination of her father took place on 15 August 1975 (her mother and three brothers were also executed). She and her sister escaped getting assassinated as they were in West Germany at that time, She was not even allowed to return to the country.
She inherited politics from her family. In her college days, she went on to win the vice-presidential elections of her College’s Student Union by beating Motiya Chowdhury, who later joined her national political party, Awami League. She was also associated with the Bangladesh Chhatra League (BCL), a student wing of Awami League.
She was living in India in exile but when she was elected to lead the Awami League Party on 16 February 1981, she returned to Bangladesh.
Since the political affairs of Bangladesh were very unstable in 1971 (Bangladesh separated completely from Pakistan), she had to leave the country for a few years.
She was in detention throughout her 1980’s. She was placed under house arrest twice in 1984 and again in 1985 for three months.
In 1990, through a legit process, she challenged General Ershad who led the martial law and it took few years to made him quit.
Before her play into politics, elections were often manipulated, by inappropriate methods of voting and even counting them prevailed that time, and the country was so erratic that those who raised their voice against the government were often jailed, exiled, or even murdered. Through this lady’s dedication and efforts, an amendment for neutral and free elections was passed. Bangladesh significantly improved becoming more democratic, less violent and allowing more civil rights than ever before.
In 1991, she contested for the elections from 3 constituencies but won only from her home constituency, Gopalganj. The same year, she went on to Leader of the Opposition in the country’s Fifth Parliament, she escorted all the political parties in the parliament towards changing the Presidential system into the Parliamentary one.
Her party won the national election in 1996 for the first time and she became the second lady Prime Minister of Bangladesh (Khaleda Zia was the First lady Prime Minister of Bangladesh).
When she first became the Prime Minister of Bangladesh, the first ever caretaker government was formed in the country after she delegated Justice Shahabuddin Ahmed to become the 12th President of Bangladesh.
The Ganges Water Sharing Treaty with India as well as the Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT) Peace pact with the Parbatya Chattagram Jana- Samhati Samiti (PCJSS) was signed by the Hasina government in 1996 and 1997 respectively. These created an environment of peace, harmony, and development in Bangladesh.
in 2001, she lost the elections and the political conditions of Bangladesh got worse and the whole country was left to violent protests, strikes, and complete unrest.
Hasina ranks 30th on the Forbes List of World’s 100 Most Powerful Women, this list was published in 2017.
Her rivalry with Khaleda Zia is widely known as “Battle Of The Begums”.
She decided to contest the Ninth National Parliamentary Elections of 2008 under “Grand Alliance” with the Jatiya Party led by Hussain Muhammad Ershad and won the general elections with a two-thirds majority i.e., 230 seats out of 299.
Finally, she was sworn into office as the Prime Minister for the second time on 6 January 2009.
The position of Bangladeshi women in the society has improved and upgraded by her efforts. Women have been given a voice in politics since then.In the 2018 general elections, her party registered a splendid victory with 96% of seats. Thereafter, she went on to become the 10th Prime Minister of Bangladesh.
In January 2014, Hasina became the Prime Minister for the third time after winning the general election, which was snubbed by the main opposition BNP led alliance. The elections have been called “An electoral farce”.
Her second term (2009 to 2014) as Prime Minister was overshadowed by some big scandals.
In 2004, during her tenure in the opposition, she was targeted and survived a number of fatal attacks. These attacks were followed by the death of 21 ‘Awami League’ members.